Born in London in 1925 to parents of Polish background. Father was active in helping refugees from Germany and refugees often visited the house. Evacuated to Yorkshire.
At the end of the war she wanted to get involved in reparation and joined the Jewish Relief Unit in 1944. Went to Kibbutz and learnt Yiddish, map reading and other skills. One important lesson she learnt was that everyone could be helped, but perhaps one should concentrate on the young. She worked for two years with survivors in Bergen Belsen.
When she came back to London she worked with the ‘Boys’, the orphaned boys and children who were allowed to come into the UK. Met husband at the end of the war. He came from Nuremberg who was interned and sent to Australia on the Dunera. Later she worked for Amnesty and in 1985 founded the Medical Foundation for the victims of Torture. The building where the interview was conducted and the Foundation is housed was given to the Foundation by the family of a German Jewish refugee, who thought that the work of the Foundation is an important legacy which links the fact of the German Jewish refugees to the refugees of today.