Mode of Arrival:
Ingrid Heichelheim was born Ingrid Markowitz in Breslau in 1919 into very musical and extremely assimilated Jewish family. She came to Britain in 1936 as an au pair, and took singing lessons at the Royal College of Music. On a visit to Germany she attempted to persuade her parents to leave, which they only did (with younger brother) after her father had spent three weeks in Buchenwald after the November Pogrom (Kristallnacht). She had a successful career as a concert and opera singer.